Convenience or picture quality? This is the main question when choosing a zoom or prime lens for shooting. Moreover, this is relevant even for top-end zooms. 24-70mm f2.8L... The image on a prime lens is an order of magnitude better compared to a zoom. It is sharper, more contrasting, with better geometry, better rendering of midtones and colors in general.
How big is the difference in quality?
This is subjective. Not all clients will notice and appreciate it, and not all photographers see it. Especially when some photographers in post-processing apply a lot of filters in such a way that the original color rendition is not important at all. Therefore, it is impossible to say unequivocally that fixes are better. They are not better for all tasks and types of filming.
What to choose: fixed or zoom?
Everyone's business. I prefer to work with fixes, though not always. This is especially true for photography weddings и christening... Churches inside, as a rule, are always in a mysterious twilight. It is in small and difficult lighting conditions that the potential of such lenses is revealed.
On the other hand, for example, in Registry office I prefer to have a zoom. When the whole shooting lasts about 7 minutes and you are very limited in movement, only the zoom saves. You can of course in Registry office take off everything on 35mm, but then you will need to crop a lot of frames to get close-ups, and wide-angle angles will be completely lost. Moreover, when using outbreaks on closed diaphragms, the differences from fixes will not be so obvious.
Back to fixes... Using this example filming the wedding I want to demonstrate why I take 4 small lenses with me to church instead of 1 large one :) These shots were shot with 4 fixes:
- Samyang 14mm f2.8 (15% of all frames)
- Canon 35mm f2IS (15% of all frames)
- Canon 50mm f1.4 (50% of all frames)
- Canon 85mm f1.8 (20% of all frames)
I roughly indicated in percentage how much the lenses from this set were in demand. Lenses had to be changed frequently. I want to warn you that in order to afford it, you need to know thoroughly the course of the wedding ceremony. Otherwise, due to changing lenses, you may simply miss an important point like the sacrament or putting on the rings.
Photos at 14mm
Shooting with an ultra-wide-angle manual lens is a specific matter. The greatest difficulty is in finding an angle and building a successful composition. I do not many such shots, but they are always very atmospheric. The huge coverage of the space allows you to show all the beauty of the church.
Photos at 35mm
It is convenient to shoot at 35mm to show all the guests in the frame. A more natural perspective and comfortable angle of view allows you to capture the entire scene without losing the focus on people, as with the 14mm.
Photos at 50mm
Most of the shots were taken here for fifty dollars. The 50mm lens allows you to shoot from a comfortable distance in a church setting. The wedding couple and the priest just get into the frame. No one more. And the zoom with your feet makes it possible to frame the scene according to the circumstances.
Photo at 85mm
A telephoto lens allows you to focus on detail and also capture close-ups without getting too close. But it is not as comfortable as 35mm or 50mm. In particular, due to the fact that with him you need to cover the diaphragm more in low light in the church.
About using fixes in general
With fixes in the church, you can easily shoot without the flash, which makes the photos natural and atmospheric. And the light of the flash does not distract others from the sacred rite. The shots were taken at apertures f2-f4 and ISO 2500-4000. The room was dark. With a flash, you could shoot at lower ISOs, but the photos would not be as interesting.
Video on the topic: fixes or zooms for wedding photography?
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