Many novice photographers are wondering how to properly photograph people? Below we will look at the main points to which you should pay attention: what technique to shoot, what techniques to use, how to work with lighting, and so on.
How to choose a lens for photographing people?
In this case, the financial side of the issue is very relevant. First, you need to get used to the idea that a good lens can cost as much as a camera, or even more. Then you need to think about why you need it. If you shoot once a month and photography doesn't make you money, is it worth the expense of an expensive lens?
So, you have made up your mind. In this case, for photo sessions with people, you need to choose a long-focus lens with a high photopower. Canon is considered a classic portrait lens Canon EF 135mm f2L... Also a good choice would be Canon EF 85mm f1.8 USM. If you have a camera with a matrix crop format, fit Canon 50mm f1.4.
Note that these lenses are very specific. They are ideal for portraits, portfolios and outdoor photo shoots. But use them for architectural and interior photography almost impossible. Shooting with these models indoors, due to their focal length, will also be difficult. If you want a versatile lens for photography, travel and everyday use, it is best to get a zoom lens with a focal length range of approximately 20 to 100mm.
As for the choice of lenses, here several reviews professional models from the Canon lens line.
How to choose a background?
In photo shoots with people, the background plays an important role. The background should preferably be discreet. Its background in the photo should not distract attention from the model. Ideally, of course, the vastness of the ocean or an alpine meadow. It is clear that such a background is not always available. If you are shooting in the city, choose a background of tree leaves in the park. As a general recommendation, the background should have the smallest color palette and not be contrasting. For example, a backdrop of brightly lit buildings overlooking the roadway is not a good choice for portrait photography.
What kind of lighting to choose for outdoor photo shoots?
Classic recommendation: the sun should be behind and slightly to the side of the photographer. Alas, the model will have to tolerate a little blinding light, because if we are talking about a photo shoot on the street without the use of additional pulsed lighting, then we need to make the most of the main light source on Earth - the sun. Better yet, always carry a reflector with you and a flash with an umbrella. Any results can be achieved with this kit.
Sometimes it is worth using a backlit lighting scheme.
Contour (fr. contrejour - against light) photography, during which the light source is located behind the subject.
In simple words, this is a photo against the sun. Many have heard that you cannot shoot against the sun. And this is partly true. Firstly, you cannot shoot against the sun with amateur cameras and amateur optics. No matter how hard you try, the photo will be blown out. Secondly, the backing technique requires high skills and experience in photography. But with proper use, it allows you to create a very beautiful silhouette for the model and get an excellent highlight of the hair. Examples of pictures in this technique:
The sun provides backlighting, while the flash provides key light. This is about the photo on the street.
Indoor sunlight is rarely used. Therefore, when photographing somewhere indoors, you should always use a flash and a reflector. Since a flash aimed at a person from the front always makes him visually flat, you need to think about more complex lighting schemes. To do this, you need to acquire the necessary equipment - for a start, radio synchronizers for igniting flashes. This way you can direct your artificial light sources in any direction. As for specific lighting schemes, this is material for a separate article.
How to choose an angle in photos?
The advice here can only be general. You have to experiment. Try to shoot full-length, waist-high, or chest-high. Close-up shots with an emphasis on the model's eyes will be interesting. In general, it is best to choose the height angles at the model's eye level. This will make the face in the photos more natural and interesting.
Dynamics in photos
Capturing movement and dynamics in a photo is not easy. Often, such frames are simply blurry. When the model is in motion, there are 2 ways to capture it. The first is to create the effect of frozen time using a fast shutter speed. The second way, often resulting in blurry photos, is to capture motion with a slow shutter speed. In this case, set the shutter speed to about 1/10 and, at the moment you press the shutter button, move the lens in the direction of the model's movement. It is better to use a flash in this case, then the background will turn out to be blurred, and the person being photographed will remain clear.
The above tips should help you achieve better results when shooting with people. Photography is not just an opportunity to leave a memory of a person, it is also an art. Therefore, experiment and fantasize. This is only welcome here.