What lens should I use to shoot landscapes?

In general, landscapes can be shot with any lens, even portrait... You can use the standard kit zoom and not strain at all. But if you want to get not ordinary photographic material, but pictures with an interesting perspective and excellent detail, then in addition to straight arms, you will also need a good lens for landscape photography.

It is best of all to shoot landscapes with wide-angle lenses. Talking about full frame, these will be lenses with a focal length of 14 to 24 mm. Although, on tele lenses you can shoot landscapes in a very interesting way, but that's a different topic.

From the zooms, in fact, you can choose any model L series... For example:

  • Canon EF 20-35mm f2.8L - ancient and forgotten zoom. Very good according to reviews.
  • Canon EF 17-40mm f4L - in principle, landscape photography does not require a high aperture ratio. But in terms of sharpness, it is the EF 16-35mm f4L IS.
  • Canon EF 16-35mm f2.8L II - Common wide-angle L zoom from Canon. Better to look at 16-35mm f4L IS or 16-35mm f2.8L III.
  • Canon EF 8-15mm f4L Fisheye - Is fishye, therefore, a very specific option for those who understand what it is for.
  • Canon EF 11-24mm f4L - the alternative in the form of the Sigma 12-24mm f4 ART looks more attractive. Why - read this article.

landscape photo at 14mm

landscape photography with 14mm wide-angle lens

In addition to the wide angle of the lens for landscape photography, high resolution... In other words, it should be sharp... This task is always handled better. fixed focal length lenses... In addition, they are much cheaper than high-quality zooms.

I recommend looking at the Canon EF 16-35mm f4L IS:
(I.e. price in Ukraine
(I.e. prices in Russia

With a small budget, you can pay attention to Samyang 14mm f2.8

The lens is incredibly sharp across the entire field at all apertures. The disadvantage of Samyang 14 f2.8 is the strongest distortion, which cannot be fully corrected. The second minus (insignificant) is manual focusing, but for landscape photography this is not at all critical.

For crop cameras an excellent choice would be Canon EF-S 10-18mm f4.5-5.6 IS STM... This inexpensive lens will give you the wide angle that makes your landscape photos versatile and interesting. Second recommendation for crop cameras: Samyang 12mm f2.0.

Another article on the topic:

What lens to shoot in clubs?

What are the requirements for the lens with which you will shoot parties and photo reports in clubs? To answer this question, you need to visually imagine the club atmosphere.

In a typical nightclub:
a) dark
b) closely
c) everything happens very quickly

From these conditions it follows that your lens must be:
a) fast
b) wide-angle
c) have fast and accurate autofocus

Most popular focal length range for shooting in nightclubs, something like this: from 14mm to 85mm... Focal lengths will most often be needed 24-35mm... The lion's share of party shots is taken up close. Whether they pose for you or not, one way or another, from a long distance you will only be filming performances on stage. In a moving crowd, you simply cannot photograph people from afar. There are, of course, options to climb to the second floor with an observation deck (if there is one) or climb onto the stage (if they are allowed there), and from there shoot everyone at 135mm or 70-200mm. But these are not the best options. Because the most emotional pictures in such conditions are obtained when you are in the thick of things. Wearing a 24mm fixture, you can safely shoot the entire event from and to. For club photography, you can even afford to take 24mm portraits. Distortion will only add intensity to your photos.

In this article I will consider lenses for full frame and separately - for crop... So.

Full frame

For a full frame camera, I would recommend a 24mm, 28mm or 35mm prime lens or a fast zoom 24-70mm f2.8... As for the aperture ratio - it should be at least 2.8. Otherwise, even with flash, your photo will miss the elaboration of the background.

Lenses 24, 28 or 35mm - this is the golden mean for shooting in nightclubs. I would definitely recommend any of these prime lenses:

Canon 24mm f2.8 IS USM
Canon 28mm f1.8 USM

Canon 28mm f2.8
Canon 28mm f2.8 IS USM
Canon 35mm f2.0 IS USM

The most inexpensive of these: the Canon 28mm 2.8 is an excellent lens, but the autofocus is weak there. When shooting in a dynamic club, you may miss some frames. Canon 28mm 1.8 USM - everything is fine except sharpness.

If the price is not an issue for you, Canon 24mm f1.4II - generally ideal.

About other focal lengths - 14, 50, 85 135

On the 14mm you can get very interesting shots in clubs, but it will be uncomfortable to shoot the entire photo report at such a wide angle.

photo in a nightclub Kiev photo at 14mm [/ caption "thumb_margin_left =" 2 ″ thumb_margin_bottom = "2 ″ thumb_border_radius =" 2 ″ thumb_shadow = "0 1px 4px rgba (0, 0, 0, 0.2)" js_play_delay = "3000 ″ id =" "random = "0 ″ group =" 0 ″ border = "" type = "yoxview" show_in_popup = "0 ″ album_cover =" "album_cover_width =" 200 ″ album_cover_height = "200 ″ popup_width =" 800 ″ popup_max_height = "600 ″ popup_title =" Gallery "Sc_id =" sc1494140251333 ″] Having dressed 50mm, you will often feel cramped. This is still tolerable for chest photography, but the discomfort will be present. The level of discomfort will depend on the density of people in the room. If the hall is half empty - 50mm will be quite normal. But with normal occupancy of the club, plus - if the club itself is also small, you will be uncomfortable.

photo of a party in a nightclub photo at 50mm (no flash) [/ caption "thumb_margin_left =" 2 ″ thumb_margin_bottom = "2 ″ thumb_border_radius =" 2 ″ thumb_shadow = "0 1px 4px rgba (0, 0, 0, 0.2)" js_play_delay = "3000 ″ id = "" Random = "0 ″ group =" 0 ″ border = "" type = "yoxview" show_in_popup = "0 ″ album_cover =" "album_cover_width =" 200 ″ album_cover_height = "200 ″ popup_width =” 800 ″ popup_max_height = ”600 ″ popup_title = "Gallery" sc_id = "sc1494140251333 ″]85mm can only be taken as an additional lens for catching close-up faces. This is also an important task, but not the primary one.

photo of salsa party photo at 85mm [/ caption "thumb_margin_left =" 2 ″ thumb_margin_bottom = "2 ″ thumb_border_radius =" 2 ″ thumb_shadow = "0 1px 4px rgba (0, 0, 0, 0.2)" js_play_delay = "3000 ″ id =" "random = "0 ″ group =" 0 ″ border = "" type = "yoxview" show_in_popup = "0 ″ album_cover =" "album_cover_width =" 200 ″ album_cover_height = "200 ″ popup_width =" 800 ″ popup_max_height = "600 ″ popup_title =" Gallery "Sc_id =" sc1494140251333 ″]135mm will already be a very specific focal length for this kind of shooting. You will feel this especially acutely when suddenly some company asks you to take a picture of them - you will be shocked :)

Zoom lenses

I would pay attention to the ancient Canon EF 20-35mm f / 2.8L... This lens was released back in 1994. However, its quality is not inferior to modern 16-35L or 17-40L. A used one can be found for about $ 600, which is similar to the cost of the fixes listed above. The lens is no longer in production and can be difficult to find.

Canon 17-40mm f4L I do not recommend it due to the low aperture ratio.

Canon 16-35mm f2.8L certainly good, but for this money (in my opinion) it is better to buy several fixes.

Canon 24-70mm f2.8 It is quite handy for such shooting, but is most often used at wide angles.

fiesta nightclub party photo at 24-70 [/ caption "thumb_margin_left =" 2 ″ thumb_margin_bottom = "2 ″ thumb_border_radius =" 2 ″ thumb_shadow = "0 1px 4px rgba (0, 0, 0, 0.2)" js_play_delay = "3000 ″ id =" " random = "0 ″ group =" 0 ″ border = "" type = "yoxview" show_in_popup = "0 ″ album_cover =" "album_cover_width =" 200 ″ album_cover_height = "200 ″ popup_width =" 800 ″ popup_max_height = "600 ″ popup_title = "Gallery" sc_id = "sc1494140251333 ″]On the crop

In view of the crop factor, the wide angle remains the weak point of such cameras. I want to make a reservation right away that the ever-loved one a fifty-kopeck crop is not suitable for shooting in clubs... On the crop, you get about 82mm equivalent focal length with a fifty-kopeck piece. This will not turn around. For crop cameras, I would definitely recommend this lens:

Canon EF-S 24mm f2.8 STM... I already wrote about him in article on choosing lenses for crop.

A good option would be the post-production zoom I mentioned for the full frame:

Canon EF 20-35mm f2.8L - a very good option for a reasonable price.

Canon EF 20mm f2.8 USM - another lens that will give a wide enough angle at an acceptable aperture. The lens is ancient, it was released back in the shaggy 1992. Therefore, it is inferior in sharpness to modern models. But it is inexpensive, fast and will give a fairly wide angle (in full-frame equivalent, about 32mm). In fact, on crop you will not find a wider and faster lens for that kind of money.

For a really wide angle, you can take Canon EF-S 10-18mm f / 4.5-5.6 IS STM or Canon EF-S 10-22mm f / 3.5-5.6 USM... True, they are not fast. At f3.5-4.5 on the crop you will need to use very short shutter speeds. You can also get a fish. This is an amateur. The main lens that I definitely recommend is - Canon 24mm f2.8 STM.

About third-party lenses.

I will write again - do not buy this bullshit. Especially zooms. Be it Tamron, Tokina, Sigma and others. Forget about the awful color rendition, after all, we're going to shoot reports. But weak autofocus in such conditions cannot be forgiven. I already wrote in more detail at the end this article.

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Which lens to choose for studio photography?

Photographing in a studio has its own specifics and, accordingly, makes its own specific requirements for the optics that the photographer uses. I'll make a reservation right away, we will talk about shooting people. Subject photography - a separate topic.

The overview concerns the full frame. Crop lenses are written about in this article.

Canon EF 24-70mm f2.8L USM

Working in a studio most often involves the use of pulsed light sources. This means that you will be shooting at closed apertures (f5.6, f6.3). This means that the lens aperture does not seem to matter. In most cases, this is true. And a decent zoom like the Canon 24-70 f2.8L is a good choice. This lens is very sharp at closed apertures, has excellent color reproduction and forms a high-quality 24D image. In addition, the wide-angle 70mm to XNUMXmm portrait focal lengths are very convenient in the studio. In general, this is a very good lens, if not for a few "buts": it is not cheap, heavy and bulky. If you shoot in the studio for a long time, you should definitely get a battery pack for the camera and a wrist strap, this will reduce the load on your hands.

An example of photography with Canon RP + RF 24-105 f4.5-7.1 STM

Fast fixes?

Shooting at open apertures, oddly enough, is also relevant for studio work. Shooting portraits in natural light is great in interior photography studios with large windows. In this case, you will need a fast fix (maybe several).

If we are talking about a fix, then the first question is about its focal length. It's better to forget about 135mm in a studio, even a very large one - you will be cramped. A lens wider than 35mm will not allow you to concentrate on your subject. The optimal focal lengths for shooting in a photo studio are: 35mm, 50mm, 85mm.

Lens 35mm

A 35mm focal lens is the most convenient and versatile lens for shooting people. Both in the studio and at the wedding or other reportage. When shooting in the studio, it is very comfortable with him: you can be at a convenient distance from the person and you will be fine to shoot him. Shooting in the studio at 24-70, I noticed that I use this focal length most often. Therefore, my number one recommendation for the studio is 35mm.

It doesn't do without a fly in the ointment. The above portrait by the window is best shot at 85mm or 50mm. This will allow you to focus more on the face of the subject. And in general 35mm is not suitable for close-up portraits.

Lens 85mm

This is a wonderful portrait painter. Versatile - suitable for both studio and nature. Great bokeh, etc. Still, it has limited use in the studio. Even in a spacious studio it can be cramped with him. And if you want to show more of the interior, for which most likely rented a studio, it is better to take a lens with a focal width of 85mm.

Lens 50mm

So we come to everyone's favorite fifty dollars. A fifty dollar is a great option for studio work. This focal point gives us a balance between the emphasis on the environment and the person in the frame. 50mm is almost ideal for studio portraits. Let me emphasize - specifically for studios, where we have limited space and the need to show the interior, if it is an interior studio. For other portraits fifty dollars is not ideal.

On the disadvantages of 50mm. This lens can be inconvenient if you family photo session in a small studio. In this case, you may be a little cramped with him. In addition, a particularly luxurious interior studio may need a wider angle to better showcase the interior.

An example of combined shooting in a studio with both pulsed and natural lighting:

Total

Choice of any lens - always a matter of taste and style of work. In addition, as far as shooting in the studio is concerned, here it is enough to get some experience of such work in order to understand what you prefer and what you need more. It is important who and where you will be filming. All requirements for the lens follow from this. The most convenient option is 35mm... The rest is up to you.

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